Justine Blanford


Much of my work concerns issues related to human health either indirectly through examining threats to food supply (via crop pests and crop diseases) or more directly via disease, human movement and accessibility to health care and healthy environments (nutrition, food, green space). I use GIS to understand the ecology of disease and connectivity between locations using novel data sources such as news feeds and social media microblogs. Recently, these have included looking at movement patterns in data-poor regions, in relation to vaccination needs, by identifying key travel routes, accessibility to healthcare and disease epicenters as well as mapping people’s activity space at a national and international level. 

Research Interests

  • GIS
  • mobility
  • spatial analysis
  • spatial and temporal ecology of disease
  • health


  • Ph.D., Imperial College, UK


In progress 

Mark Brady (MGIS in progress) Identifying spatially dynamic variables affecting the distribution of West Nile Virus in Pennsylvania. 

Angela Chang (MGIS in progress) Using GIS to Measure the Impact of Development on Urban Green Spaces in DC.  

Patrick Didier (MGIS in progress) Analysis of Airborne Snow Survey Sample Size: An investigation of sampling efficiency using historical data.

Nouman Hussain (MGIS in progress) Where to place refugee camps? Suitable sites in Turkey for Syrian Refugees.


Sherry Roth (MGIS '16) Geovisualizing Collections of Penn State University Libraries:a geographical and statistical perspective of use, age, and relevancy.

Nathan Teigland (MGIS '15) Finding Balance: Estimating rebalancing events using bikeshare trip data.

Melody Ovard (MGIS '15) Oyster habitat mapping in the Chesapeake Bay with hydrographic acoustic data.   

Kimberly Struthers (MGIS '15) Conservation Strategy: Where it matters most. Integrating demographics, socio-economic lifestyles  and biodiversity.

Teri Vlasak (MGIS '15) Spatial and temporal analysis of rabid wild terrestrial animals along the Colorado Front Range.

Rosemary Alles (MGIS '15) Exploring Open Source Geospatial technologies in the context of monitoring and analyzing the behavior of highly vulnerable migratory species: Boundless Geo and African elephants as a case study.

Ryan Warne (MGIS '15) Spatial analysis of pertussis outbreaks and herd immunity in the USA.

John Cirucci (MGIS '15) Retrospective GIS-based multiple criteria decision analysis: A case study of California waste transfer station siting decisions.

Lori Weingartner (MGIS '15) Rapid assessment of invasive plant species for establishing management priorities: progressive, strategic invasive plant management for resource managers.

Stephen Perrine (MGIS ‘14) International Food Imports: Identification of Vulnerabilities and Risks.

Kristina Kwiatkowski (MGIS ‘14) GIS analysis of commercial trucking movements from a Canadian perspective. 

Susan Swinson-Williams (MGIS ‘14) Lyme disease in Texas? Enhancing prevention through the identification of areas of risk. 

Jay Tompkins (MGIS ‘14) Social and spatial clustering of personal relationships: Understanding the impact of behavioural risks on sexually transmitted disease transmission.

Loren Pfau (MGIS '13). Sources and Uses of Geospatial Information in Wilderness Search and Rescue.

Mark Aurit (MGIS '12). Winter Strawberry Production in West Central Florida, at what cost?  A GIS Analysis of the relationship between groundwater pumping for frost-freeze protection and sinkhole development.

Linda Foster (MGIS '11). Improving Cadastre:  Development of a Workflow Prototype Utilizing ESRI’s Parcel Fabric.

Courses Taught

  • GEOG 586 (Geographic Information Analysis)
  • GEOG 583 (Geospatial Systems Design and Analysis)
  • GEOG 364 (Spatial Analysis)
  • GEOG 596A,B,C (Individual Studies)
  • GEOG 591 (GIS for Health Analysis)


  • Logan, J.J., Jolly, A.M., Blanford, J.I. (2016) The Sociospatial Network: Risk and the role of place in the transmission of infectious diseases. PlosOne 
  • Blanford, J.I., Huang, Z., Savelyev, A. and MacEachren, A.M. (2015) Geo-located tweets. Enhancing mobility maps and capturing cross-border movement. PlosOne  
  • Blanford, J.I., Bernhardt, J., Savelyev, A., Wong-Parodi, G., Carleton, A.M., Titley, D.W. and MacEachren, A.M. (2014) Tweeting and Tornadoes. Presented at 11th International ISCRAM Conference Proceedings, May 19-21.
  • Foster, L.M. & Blanford, J.I. (2013) Improving Cadastre: Development of a workflow protoype utilizing ESRI's Parcel Fabric. URISA Journal 25(2): 63-74  
  • Glunt, K., Blanford, J.I., Paaijmans, K. (2013) Chemicals, climate and control: Increasing the effectiveness of malaria vector control tools by considering relevant temperatures. PloS Pathogens
  • Robinson AC, Pezanowski S, Troedson S, Bianchetti RA, Blanford JI, Stevens J, Guidero E, Roth RE, MacEachren AM. (2013) SymbolStore.org: A Web-based Platform for Sharing Map Symbols. Cartography and Information Science.
  • Chen, S., Blanford, J.I., Hutchinson, M., Fleischer, S., Saunders, M., Thomas, M.B. (2013) Estimating West Nile Virus transmission potential in Pennsylvania using an optimized degree-day model. Vector-borne and Zoonotic Disease.
  • Paaijmans, K.P., Heinig, R.L., Seliga, R.A., Blanford, J.I., Blanford, S., Murdock, C.C. & Thomas, M.B. (2013).  Temperature variation makes ectotherms more sensitive to climate change.  Global Change Biology.
  • Blanford, J.I., Blanford, S., Paaijmans, K., Schreiber, K., Crane, R., Mann, M., Thomas, M.B.  (2013) Implications of temperature variation for malaria parasite development across Africa.  Scientific Reports.  
  • Aurit, M., Peterson, R.O., Blanford J.I. (2013) A GIS analysis of the relationship between sinkholes, dry-well complaints and groundwater pumping for frost-freeze protection of winter strawberry production in Florida. PLoSOne  8(1): e53832. 
  • Blanford, J.I., Kumar, S., Wei, L. and MacEachren, A.M. (2012) It’s a long, long walk: accessibility to hospitals, maternity and integrated health centers in Niger. International Journal of Health Geographics
  • Robinson, A.C., Roth, R.E., Blanford, J.I., Pezanowski, S., and A.M. MacEachren. (2012) Developing map symbol standards through an iterative collaboration process. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design. 39(6):1034-1048.
  • Bianchetti, R. A., Wallgrün, J. O., Yang, J., Blanford, J. I., Robinson, A. C., & Klippel, A. (2012). Free classification of Canadian and American emergency management map symbol standards. The Cartographic Journal.49(4):350-360
  • Tomaszewski, B., Blanford, J.I., Ross, K., Pezanowski, S. & MacEachren A.M. (2011) Supporting Geographically-aware Web Document Foraging and Sensemaking. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems.35:192-207.
  • Roth, RE, Finch, BG., Blanford J.I., Klippel, A., Robinson, AC and MacEachren, AM (2011) Card sorting for cartographic research and practice. Cartography and Geographic Information Science. 38(2).
  • Paaijmans, K.P., Blanford, S., Bell, A.S., Blanford, J.I., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2010). Influence of climate on malaria transmission depends on daily temperature variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107,15135–15139.
  • Klass, J.I.,  Blanford S., & Thomas M.B. (2007) Development of a model for evaluating the effects of environmental temperature and thermal behaviour on biological control of locusts and grasshoppers using pathogens Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9(3): 189-199. 
  • Klass, J.I., Blanford S., & Thomas M.B. (2007) Use of a geographic information system to explore spatial variation in pathogen virulence and the implications for biological control of locusts and grasshoppers. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9(3): 201-208.