Coffee Hour: Frontier fire in the Amazon

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Time: 
Friday, October 5, 2012 - 3:30pm to 5:00pm
Place: 
Refreshments offered at 3:30 p.m. in room 319 Walker Building. Talk begins at 4:00 p.m. in room 112 Walker Building.

Frontier fire in the Amazon:

Local to global consequences of human-altered fire regimes in tropical forests

 

The tropics is a region marked by rapid landscape transformation and waves of frontier expansion that leave a patchwork of degraded and recovering forests amidst a matrix of human-dominated land uses. Fire is an integral tool in the transformation and management of these landscapes, as well as a pervasive threat to the longevity of tropical forests. Yet, our understanding of natural fire regimes and the consequences of human-altered fire frequencies in tropical forests is limited. In this talk, Jennifer Balch will explore the global carbon consequences of tropical fires, both intentional and unintentional wildfires. And she will describe the effects of increasing fire frequency on the dynamics of a southern Amazon forest—based on one of the largest experimental burns in the tropics.



balchJennifer Balch earned her Ph.D. at Yale’s School of Forestry & Environmental Studies. Her research aims to understand the patterns and processes that underlie disturbance and ecosystem recovery, particularly how shifting fire regimes are reconfiguring tropical forests, encouraging non-native grass invasion, and affecting the global climate. As a Postdoctoral Fellow at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, she investigated the role of fire in the Earth system and the human imprint on global fire activity. For her dissertation research, she explored the effects of recurrent fire on transitional forest dynamics in the Amazon's wildfire frontier in Mato Grosso, Brazil. She has conducted research in the field of tropical ecology for over a decade, and has lit a few experimental fires to understand the consequences of increasing fire in tropical forests. She has just joined the faculty this fall in the Department of Geography at Penn State and is looking forward to giving her first Coffee Hour talk.